From the point of view of economists, the Venezuelan economy tends to be diagnosed based on imbalances, gaps. This is certainly the case, they are present and we all suffer from them. But it is one thing to make the effort as a society to correct these gaps, these imbalances, and another thing, which in my opinion is more important, is to answer the question: Why am I going to correct them? Just to correct them? Or to reach another model of society? And why another model of society? For a few reasons. The most substantive, the most objective is that, precisely, we have to prepare ourselves as a society so that we understand that oil can still be important, but oil income cannot be the only thing that gives vitality to this economy. Much has been written and debated about the role of income in the way in which Venezuelan society was organized, politically, socially, even in the incentives that derive from it, but the concrete fact is that development Technology and changes in energy matrices will expose us to great challenges and challenges. It’s a paradigm shift and that’s what it’s all about.
It seems that Venezuelan society has not found out about this matter. The book talks about a broad and inclusive transition. Where should the development model be in that discussion?
The development model should be one of the main convenors in this discussion. First, because it raises the debate, it makes us rethink society and it does not stop, only, to heal as far as possible. I insist, you have to go a little further. Thinking of a society in which the private sector plays a different role seems unthinkable. But it is a fundamental issue. As a result of the decrease in oil income, the State cannot be the epicenter, the nucleus of everything. There are spaces – open or not – that have to be rethought. But it is not only the discussion (and the distinction) between the public and the private. You have to rethink, for example, the educational issue, the issue of knowledge, and at the forefront of what is happening in the world. We are even talking about the contribution of people. It is very different to think of a society in which the most micro clientelism could be supported by social programs, to a society in which you have autonomous people who own their own initiatives. The relationship of these people with themselves and with everything changes.